TIBET AT A GLANCE:
The term TIBET here means the whole of Tibet known as Cholka-Sum (U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo). It includes the present-day Chinese administrative areas of the so-called Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, two Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Sichuan Province, one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Gansu Province and one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province.
- Land Size:
- 2.5 million square kilometres, which includes U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo provinces. "Tibet Autonomous Region", consisting of U-Tsang and a small portion of Kham, consists of 1.2 million square kilometres. The bulk of Tibet lies outside the "TAR".
- Political Status:
- Occupied country and without United Nations' representation.
- Average Altitude:
- 4,000 metres or 13,000 feet above sea level.
- Under Chinese rule, Tibet is divided into the following administrative units:
- Tibet Autonomous Region,
- Qinghai Province,
- Tianzu Tibetan Autonomous County and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province,
- Aba Tibetan-Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Mili Tibetan Autonomous County in Sichuan Province,
- Dechen Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province.
- The total Tibetan population in Tibet is 6 million. Of them, 2.09 million live in the "TAR" and the rest in the Tibetan areas outside the "TAR".
- Major Rivers:
- Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra in India), Machu (Yellow River in China), Drichu (Yangtse in China), Senge Khabab (Indus in India), Phungchu (Arun in India), Gyalmo Ngulchu (Salween in Burma) and Zachu (Mekong in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos).
- Native Wildlife:
- Tibetan antelope, wild yak, wild ass and Tibetan argali, blue sheep, black-necked crane, Tibetan gazelle, giant panda, red panda, golden monkey.
- Agriculture and animal husbandry.
- Literacy Rate:
- Approximately 25 per cent.
|List of major rivers originating from TIBET and its watershed
regions in the lower riparian.
|Tibetan Name||Comman Name||Watershed Regions/Countries||Outflow|
|Machu||Yellow River||Tibet, China, Inner Mongolia||Yellow Sea|
|Drichu||Yangtze River||Tibet and China||East China Sea|
|Zachu||Mekong River||China, Vietnam, Laos,|
|South China Sea|
|Gyalmo Ngulchu||Salween River||Tibet, China, Myanmar, Thailand||Andaman Sea|
|Yarlung Tsangpo||Bhramaputra River||Tibet, India, Bangladesh||Bay of Bengal|
|Macha Khabab||Karnali river||Tibet, Nepal, India||Bay of Bengal|
|Langchen Khabab||Sutlej River||Tibet, India, Pakistan||Arabian Sea|
|Senge Khabab||Indus River||Tibet, India, Pakistan||Arabian Sea|
|Bhumchu||Arun River||Tibet, Nepal, India||Bay of Bengal|
|Lhodrak Sharchu||Manas River||Tibet, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh||Bay of Bengal|
DID YOU KNOW?
- Tibetan Plateau or the Third Pole which contains more than 46,000 glaciers covering an area of 105,000 sq. km is the most glaciated region on earth.
- Around 1.3 billion people in Asia thrive on the watershed of the rivers originating from the Tibetan Plateau.
- United Nations has warned that Tibet's glaciers could disappear within the next 100 years!
- The Tibetan Plateau plays a pivotal role in generating and regulating Asian monsoon.
- The melting of Tibetan glaciers had let to the formation of 8,790 identified glacial lakes, and 204 of these are considered potentially dangerous and may lead to Lake Outburst and floods.
- The air temperature on the Tibetan Plateau is predicted to increase by 2.2°-2.6° C by 2030, which in turn will melt the region's glaciers and permafrost at an accelerating rate.
- According to WWF, four of the World's top ten rivers, which are at the greatest risk (from dams and infrastructure, excessive water extraction, climate change, invasive species, over-fishing, and pollution) originates from the Tibetan Plateau.
- According to one UNDP report (2007), Tibet's grasslands are turning into desert at the rate of 2,330 sq. km per year.
- Tibetan pastoral nomads are the best stewards of the grasslands and China's current grassland policy completely disregards their traditional knowledge and compels them to settle permanently without their livestock.