Youth Empowerment Support (YES):

Institute for Small Trade Learning (ISTL), Nelamangla, Bengaluru Our Trainees at Arena Multimedia Training Institute, Bengaluru Jawed Habib Certified Beautician Training Center at ISTL, Nelamangala, Bengaluru Practice Hall for Computer related courses within ISTL, Nelamangala compound ISTL Official's visit to Jetking Computer Hardware & Network Training Institute, B'lore Our Trainees at Medical Transcription Training Institute, Bengaluru Hairdressing training at Institute fore Small Trade Learning, Nelamangala Tailoring training within ISTL compound, ISTL Nelamangla, Bengaluru Foodcraft Training under PRM Porject for Newly Arrived Young Tibetans, Bengaluru YES Head Office & ISTL official's monitoring at Training Institutions Institute for Small Trade Learning (ISTL), Nelamangla, Bengaluru The Entrance Gate of TIBETAN CAREER CENTER, Old Reception Center, McLeodganj TCC Jawed Habib 5th Batch Hairdressing Graduation TCC Jawed Habib Certified Hairdressing Trainees Graduation Day Group photo of Ex and New TCC Staffs with trainees at TCC Dharamsala Department of Home's Women Empowerment Desk workshop at TCC Mcleodganj

A) YES Skill Training:


  Bringing Light to Life

Background

YES stands for "Youth Empowerment Support", was previously known as PADME "Promotional Agency for Development of Micro Enterprises". It was initially started with an objective to extend a micro-credit loan fund for youths under the Office of Planning Commission in 1977. In view of an administrative reform, the responsibility for managing the loan fund was transferred to the Department of Home on April 7, 2003. Later on the Department developed it into a Youth Empowerment Support (YES) Programme as it is known these days.

Aims & Objectives

The overall goal (vision) of the programme is to make Tibetan youths productive and independent with self-employed in various trade and skills. However, its specific objectives is to promote gainful and self-employment to school drop-outs and un-employed youths in the exile communities with following strategies:

  1. Empower Tibetan youths through appropriate career guidance and promotion and support of self managed enterprises
  2. Motivate youths to have a positive outlook and engage in diverse economic activities
  3. Impart relevant skill training
  4. Provide soft start-up loans to set up micro-enterprises
  5. Organizing different types of workshops - motivation, counseling, conflict resolution, business management and simple book keeping

Programmes implemented under YES

Under the YES's umbrella, two programmes are being implemented viz. the Micro-credit activities and the Vocational training. For vocational training, a unit called "Institute for Small Trade Learning" (ISTL) has been set up at Nelamangala Taluk, Bangalore in 2003 wherein all the trainees are provided free of cost accomodation.

A: Skill Training

Various trainings are provided to 100-110 unemployed and school drop-out youths every year in an average of 2 batches. The training opportunity is open to all the Tibetan Settlements in India. The duration of the training varies from minimum 3 months to maximum 18 months depending on the time and requirements of an individual course/skill.

Variuos vocational training provided are: Tailoring, Carpentry, IT related, Beautician, Hairdressing, Medical Transcription, Food craft, Mechanic-cum-driving, are provided.

All the trainees are provided with facilities of Board, lodging, transportation, training fee etc. at free of cost. After the training, they are given the first priority to receive micro-credit depending upon their interests in setting up relevant micro-enterprises

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Implementation Structure of YES Skill Training:

Implementation of the Training programme is being done at three levels -

  1. Head Office Level,
  2. Settlement Level and
  3. Training Institute Level

Implementation of Micro-Credit is done at two levels as under:

  1. Head Office Level and
  2. Settlement Level.

1.  Head Office Level:

  • The Secretary, CTRC is the chief implementing officer assisted by Welfare section In charge, Program officer and its assistant.
  • Looks after the overall programme
  • Information on training & loan programme are circulated via settlement offices, websites and newspapers.
  • It gives directions on selection of trainees and changes in the Programme to the concern officers at settlement level.

2.  Settlement Office Level:

  • The Settlement Officer is the Chief implementing agent assisted by Office Secretary, REPROs (Regional Programme Officer) and four village leaders including a woman leader, if any.
  • Decentralized work for more effectiveness and grass root level involvement.
  • Candidates (Skill Training OR Micro-credit Applicant) are first scrutinised and approved by the YES Local Committee and then verified by the Head Office. (LOCAL YES COMMITTEE consist of:
    1. The Settlement Officer,
    2. The Office Secretary,
    3. The Office Secretary,
    4. Four Village leaders including a women leader if any.
  • Implementation with full participation from the settlement level members.

3.  Training Institute Level:


Mr. Tenzin Choedak,
The ISTL Administrator

  • Institute for Small Trade Learning (ISTL) has been set up at Nelamangala Taluk, Bangalore; to accommodate skill training cum residential facilities
  • It is managed by a administrator who assumes overall responsibility & welfare of the ISTL under the direction of the head office, CTRC.
  • The final selection of the trainees is done at ISTL.
  • Our own resource people i.e. Tibetan trainers, provides carpentry and tailoring trainings in the ISTL. Beautician and Hairdressing training facility has been already set up within the ISTL, and steps are in progress to gradually set up most of the trainings within the ISTL premises, which obviously would take quite time and financial sources.

Some Facts:

  • According to Tibetan Demography Survey of 1998, there were about 4090 unemployed youths who were seeking jobs without any skills. Literally, around 500 to 600 youths graduates from schools/colleges/professional courses every year, half of which along with the school dropouts remain stranded without any jobs or opportunities for higher or further education.
  • Initially, the training opportunities were provided to the youths from 5 main settlements of the South but this has been progressively expanded to 8 settlements in 2001, 10 in 2003 (including Jammu Kashmir & Arunachal Pardesh) and finally extended to all the settlements in India from 2006-07.
  • Different trainings are being provided to about 100-110 unemployed youths every year in an average of 2 batches. The duration of the training varies from 3 to 6 months to 18 months depending upon the time requirement of the particular training.
YES Skill Training Schedule at ISTL Nelamangala, Bengaluru
Courses Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar
Basic & Advanced Beautician 1st Batch 2nd Batch 3rd Batch
Basic & Advanced Hairdressing 1st Batch 2nd Batch 3rd Batch
Medical Transcription 1st Batch 2nd Batch
Cookery 1st Batch 2nd Batch
Graphic Web Designing 1st Batch
Computer Hardware & Networking 1st Batch
Hotel Management 1st Batch
Tailoring CLOSED

B) YES Micro-credit:

Certain norms are formulated for applying loan. The programme is open to all the people falling in the age range of 18 years minimum and 40 years maximum. However, priorities are given to those who have undergone skill training under the CTRC's YES programme and looking forward to setting up the same enterprise within their own settlement or a radius of 300 Kms from the settlement. Detailed business plan is required to be submitted as per the given business plan format. The ceiling for the micro-credit is set at ₹ 100,000/- for an individual enterprise, ₹ 300,000/- for a partnership of 2 people, and ₹ 500,000/- for a group of more than 3 people. As the programme is entirely meant for empowerment purpose, the interest charged on the capital is barely 3% per annum with the maximum repayment duration of 5 years. The repayment schedule is mandatory for each loan depending upon the nature of the enterprises. All possible legal agreements secured to run the disbursement system smoothly.

  • To provide financial assistance to set up micro-enterprises to promote self-employment.
  • The ceiling for micro-credit is set at ₹ 100,000/- for an individual enterprise, ₹ 300,000/- for a partnership, ₹ 500,000/- for more than 3 partnership with interest merely at 3% p.a.
  • Although YES Micro-credit Loan is open to all, first priority is given to the skill-trained youths from YES Skill Training program, and organic related farming, the rest would be to the lay people wanting loan to set up a sustainable micro enterprises.
  • The enterprise location should not exceed 300 kilometres from the Tibetan settlement.

Implementation Structure of YES Micro-credit:

Implementation of the Training programme is being done at three levels -

  1. Head Office Level,
  2. Settlement Level and
  3. Training Institute Level

Implementation of Micro-Credit is also done at two levels as under:

  1. Head Office Level and
  2. Settlement Level.

1.  Head Office Level:

  • The Secretary, CTRC is the chief implementing officer assisted by Welfare section In charge, Program officer and its assistant.
  • Looks after the overall programme
  • Information on training & loan programme are circulated via settlement offices, websites and newspapers.
  • It gives directions on selection of trainees and changes in the Programme to the concern officers at settlement level.

2.  Settlement Office Level:

  • The Settlement Officer is the Chief implementing agent assisted by Office Secretary, REPROs (Regional Programme Officer) and four village leaders including a woman leader, if any.
  • Decentralized work for more effectiveness and grass root level involvement.
  • Candidates (Skill Training OR Micro-credit Applicant) are first scrutinised and approved by the YES Local Committee and then verified by the Head Office.
    1. The Settlement Officer,
    2. The Office Secretary, the Repro and
    3. Four Village leaders including a women leader if any constitute the YES LOCAL COMMITTEE
  • Implementation with full participation from the settlement level members.

3.  Training Institute Level:

  • Institute for Small Trade Learning (ISTL) has been set up at Nelamangala Taluk, Bangalore; to accommodate skill training cum residential facilities
  • It is managed by a administrator who assumes overall responsibility & welfare of the ISTL under the direction of the head office, CTRC.
  • The final selection of the trainees is done at ISTL.
  • Our own resource people i.e. Tibetan trainers, provides carpentry and tailoring trainings in the ISTL. Beautician and Hairdressing training facility has been already set up within the ISTL, and steps are in progress to gradually set up most of the trainings within the ISTL premises, which obviously would take quite time and financial sources.

  • Till March 2015, 157 beneficiaries (138 individuals, 11 groups in twos and 8 groups in threes) have benefited from this facility with the start-up loan and have started their own micro-enterprises; out of 135, 116 have so far cleared their repayment and 15 are clearing. Four are having difficulty with their repayment (not able to repay according to the repayment schedule). This programme has been running very successfully with the repayment rate at 99%.
YES REVOLVING LOAN STATUS
Settlement Total Cleared Clearing Defaulter
Lugsung Samdupling, B'kuppe, K.S. 8 8 - -
Choephelling, Miao, A.P. 1 1 - -
Phendeling, Mainpat, Chattisgarh 12 12 - -
Phuntsokling, Gajapati, Odisha 19 13 6 -
Doeguling, Mundgod, K.S. 17 16 1 -
Paonta Choelsum, Paonta Sahib, H.P. 1 1 - -
Dharamsala, H.P. 2 1 - 1-1
Dickyi Larsoe, Bylakuppe, K.S. 11 9 2 -
Sonamling, Ladakh, J & K 69 36 33 -
Sakya Tibetan Society, Puruwala, H.P. 2 2 - -
Rabgyeling, Hunsur, K.S. 8 8 - -
Norgyeling, Bandhara, Maharashtra 6 6 - -
Dhondenling, Kollegal, K.S. 14 13 1 -
Kunphenling, Ravangla, Sikkim 1 - 1 -
TOTAL 171 * 126 44 1
* Includes (151 Individuals), (12 Goups (Twos)) and (8 Groups (Threes))

-1 Tsering Choezom, d/o Jampa & Wangmo, House No. 710, TIPA Rd.
As of 18-Jan-2016

C) YES Tibetan Career Center:

Mr. Gelek Namgyal
Ms. Jigme Lhamo
Mr. Tashi Samdup
Mr. Dawa Paljor

YES Tibetan Career Center is a project initiated by Technoserve, an international organization with the collaboration of Dept. of Home, Central Tibetan Administration in the year 2012-2013 and later after seeing the importance and impact created by Tibetan career centre on Tibetan community, Youth Empowerment Support program, the Dept. of Home, Central Tibetan Administration, Dharamsala has continued its activities with the aims to meet the need of professionals in growing job market and to explore the skill related training avenues, and to create better employment opportunities for the existing Tibetan youth.

This project came up after research study carried out by Technoserve in 23 Tibetan settlements in India and found that 60% of Tibetan youth are either seasonal unemployed or unemployed youth which is a grave problem to be taken great concern and addressed as its not only hit individual and family but also deteriorate social and economic condition of the community and cause identity crisis.

The VISION:

To sustain Tibetan youth in general and unemployed Tibetan youth in particulars - deprived of opportunities and information - in term of relevant skill oriented training, professional career, employment and most importantly, Ethically Self Reliant.

The SOLUTION:

Under administration of Central Tibetan Administration, Dharamsala, the program is being implemented by Youth Empowerment Support with its Head Office in Mcleod Ganj, Dharamsala and network across all the Tibetan settlements in India. Consultants and placement officer work directly with unemployed Tibetan youth to change career attitudes, create awareness about job opportunities, design career paths, build employment and training linkages, and equip youth with the skills that they need to succeed in their careers.

DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM

Unemployment is the state of an individual looking for a paying job but not having one. Unemployment does not include full-time students, the retired, children, or those not actively looking for a paying job.

The problem of unemployment leads to social challenges, economic dependency and identity crisis among Tibetan youth. The root cause for this problem is that there was no centre or department which caters need of unemployed youth in guiding, training and giving employment opportunity. As a result, due to lack of career guidance, skills training and assistance, Tibetan youth remain incompetent, unskilled, lack confidence and employability skills.

The PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM

The approach towards change of unemployment rate will indirectly affect social, cultural and economic condition of Tibetan youth from incompetent to confident and self-reliant Tibetan youth. Moreover, through career development, Tibetan can sustain their social, economic and culture in the community.

As it's justified that investing time and resources for youth's career development is worth investing. According to UN Population division (world population prospects: 2008 Revision) shows that more than 80% of the world youth population will be concentrated in Africa and Asia.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

To sustain Tibetan youth in general and unemployed Tibetan youth in particulars- deprived of opportunities and information - in term of relevant skill oriented training, professional career, employment and most importantly, Ethically Self Reliant.


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