Dhargyeling Tibetan Settlement Tezu was established in the year 1962. It was earlier situated in the Lohit District of (NEFA) and now falls in Arunachal Pradesh State which is fairly close to the Indo-Burmese (Myanmar) border. It is about 6 Km from the town of Tezu and its altitude of 450 feet above the sea level. The temperature during the summer months averages about 108 degrees Fahrenheit and coldest 3-degree centigrade during wintertime. The most difficult part is in summer because of high humidity and sometimes it is difficult to breathe as well. The average rainfall in a year is approximately 133 inches. There is a river called Tindolong (Lama River) which runs annually from camp 5 to 1 and meets the Brahmaputra river (YarlungTsangpo), which is of two miles flowing distance from the settlement. The local inhabitants of the area are mainly Mizos, Mishmi and Digaru Mishmi. But today one will find a very diverse community in the area due to migration of all kinds of people in the region
All of the Arunachal Pradesh state is classified under a protected area, wherein foreigners and other inland people are not permitted to enter the Arunachal Pradesh, as the area falls under the North-Eastern borders of India.
It was earlier situated in the Lohit District of (NEFA) and now falls in Arunachal Pradesh State which is fairly close to the Indo-Burmese (Myanmar) border. It is about 6 Km from the town of Tezu and its altitude of 450 feet above the sea level.
This settlement consists of 5 villages or camps with average of 45 families in each camp.Tibetans residing in Tuting areas are located in 17 different villages. Out of which 4 villages are located in Tuting itself while 13 are located in scattered places in and around Tuting village.
Dhargyeling Tibetan Settlement Tezu was started with the 100 Tibetan people at the initial stage and as the time passed population increased to 1160 people with 245 families in the settlement. All the families are primarily dependent on agriculture for their basic needs. This settlement has a total area of 1838.89 acres of land for farming, housing, roads, school, and other purposes which was provided by the Govt. of India through ventures like sweater selling, garments shops, and restaurant Etc. So, the new generation of Tibetan families are not only engaged in farming but also venture out on other business ideas as well.
The agricultural products are paddy, maize, millet, ginger, and vegetables during the summer season and during winter the farmers grow other products like Mustard seed, black gram, millet, potato, and other vegetables. There are around 20 families running animal husbandry with a total of 80 live stocks.
A new venture in the settlement since 2014 was the plantation of Rubber plants. On experimental basis, the settlement has planted 34 acres of rubber plantation with a total of 5440 Rubber plants. This project is currently under process at this stage.
Facilities in the settlement:
|School||One lower secondary school up to class VIII
|Health facilities||One primary healthcare center
• Jangchup Choling monastery.
|Old People’s Home||One OPH with 18 elderly people|
The settlement has a Multipurpose Co-operative Society Registered under the Indian Co-operative Societies Act of 1970. The Co-operative Society provide necessary services to the settlement people and runs following different section to meet the need of the settlement
• Tractor and Workshop section
• Flour Mill Section
• Carpet Center
• General store section
Each settlement has a settlement officer who is the Representative of the Department of Home,Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), Dharamsala. Settlement officer is the principle post of the settlement and he is in-charge with overall control of running of affairs in the settlement.
Settlement Officer acts as the liaison between the settlement and the Department of Home (CTA) and it is the main source of information on CTA’s policy for the settlers. Daily task for the Representative ranges from adjudicating disputes to communicating with local Assembly,outside authorities, and generally watching over the running of all aspects of the settlement.
The structure and functioning or activities of every settlement are similarly to each others. There are 5 villages in this settlement and each of these villages possess an elected local Assembly and they represents the settlers. The local Assemblies are not elected for their policy-making idea,nor do they campaign on certain issue. These group leaders are chosen on the basis of their strength of personality and once ability to stand before the interest of their settlement. They hold session twice in year and can question the settlement officer during the session. The term of the Assemly is for five year.